Guideline Index

Chapter 10: Keeping Nutrients on Farm

10.7 References

Barlow K, Nash D, Hannah M & Robertson F. (2007) ‘The effect of fertiliser and grazing on nitrogen export in surface runoff from rain-fed and irrigated pastures in south-eastern Australia.’ Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 77:69-82.

Birchall S, Dillon C & Wrigley R. (2008) ‘Effluent and Manure Management Database for the Australian Dairy Industry’. Dairy Australia, Melbourne. Retrieved from

Bolland M & Russell B. (2010) ‘Phosphorus for high rainfall pastures’. Department of Agriculture & Food. WA.

Cameron K, Di HJ, Moir J, Christie R & Pellow R. ‘Using nitrogen: What is best practice?’ Lincoln University and Ravensdown Fertiliser Co-operative, NZ. Retrieved from

Carpenter SR, Caraco NF, Correll DL, Howarth RW, Sharpley AN & Smith VH. (1998) ‘Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen’. Ecological Applications 8(3); 559-568.

<Cribb, J. (2006) ‘The Nutrient-Neutral Dairy: an independent discussion paper’ Dairy Australia. Melbourne.

Davies-Colley, R. J., et al. (2004). ‘Water quality impact of a dairy cow herd crossing a stream.’ New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 38(4): 569-576.

Dougherty W, Burkitt L, Milham P, Harvey D. (2010) ‘The effect of soil available P and P buffering on runoff P concentration from pastures.’ Nineteenth World Congress of Soil Science.

Dougherty WJ & Hossain MK. (in-print) ‘Nutrient loss in surface runoff from key management zones of two pasture based dairying farms in NSW, Australia’. NSW Department of Primary Industries.

Department of Primary Industries Victoria (n.d.) a ‘Soil test levels within dairy farms’,[Technical Notes] Dairy Branch Ellinbank, Warnambool & Echuca. Retrieved from

Department of Primary Industries Victoria (n.d.)b ‘Getting value from nutrient accounting on dairy farms’, [Technical Notes]Dairy Branch Ellinbank, Warnambool & Echuca.

Department of Primary Industries Victoria (2011) ‘Colwell P Nutrient Estimator’ Retrieved from

Eckard RJ, Grainger C & de Klein CAM. (2008) ‘Options for the abatement of methane and nitrous oxide from ruminant production – a review.’ Retrieved from

Fertiliser Industry Federation of Australia (2001) ‘Cracking the Nutrient Code.’ FIFA, Canberra, Retrieved from

GippsDairy (2011) ‘Wet Weather Management. Planning the recovery’. Retrieved from

Gourley C.J.P., Dougherty W.J., Weaver D.M., Aarons S.R., Awty I.M., Gibson D.M., Hannah M.C., Smith A.P., Peverill K.I., (2012) ‘Farm-scale nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur balances and use efficiencies on Australian dairy farms’. Animal Production Science. 52(10):929-944

Gourley C, Gibson D, Smith A, Awty I & Dougherty W. (2011) ‘Accounting for Nutrients on Australian Dairy Farms. Science consolidation and delivery of technical information. Final Report.’ DPIV.

Gourley CJP, Powell JM, Dougherty WJ & Weaver DM. (2007) ‘Nutrient budgeting as an approach to improving nutrient management on Australian dairy farms.’ Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 47: 1064-1074.

Gourley CJP & Weaver DM. (2012) ‘Nutrient surpluses in Australian grazing systems: management practices, policy approaches and difficult choices to improve water quality.’ in press Crop and Pasture Science.

Hanly JA. (2012) ‘Management practices and technologies for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus losses from soils receiving farm dairy effluent.’ Ph D Thesis. Massey University, New Zealand. Retrieved from<

Harris G. (2002) ‘Simple rules underlie the complex and non-linear dynamics of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems: Implications for catchment biogeochemistry and modelling.’ Technical Report 11/02. CSIRO, Dickson, ACT.

Holz GK. (1997) ‘Montagu River catchment: intensive grazing, drainage and water quality. Final Report.’ Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research.

Kleinman PJA, Sharpley AN, McDowell RW, Flaten DN, Buda AR, Tao L, Bergstrom L & Zhu Q. (2011) ‘Managing agricultural phosphorus for water quality protection: principles for progress’. Plant Soil 349: 169-182.

Lucci GM, McDowell RW & Condron LM. (2012) ‘Phosphorus source areas in a dairy catchment in Otago, New Zealand.’ Soil Research 50: 145-156.

McDowell RW. (2012) ‘Minimising phosphorus losses from the soil matrix.’ Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 23:1-16

McDowell RW, Biggs BJF, Sharpley AN, Nguyen L. (2004) ‘Connecting phosphorus loss from agricultural landscapes to surface water quality.’ Chemistry and Ecology, Vol 20(1): 1-40.

McDowell RW & Nash D. (2012) ‘A review of the cost-effectiveness and suitability of mitigation strategies to prevent phosphorus loss from dairy farms in New Zealand and Australia.’ Journal of Environmental Quality 41: 680-693.

Monaghan RM & Smith LC. (2012) ‘Contaminant losses in overland flow from dairy farm laneways in southern New Zealand.’ Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 159: 170-175.

Nash DM & Halliwell DJ. (1999) ‘Fertilisers and phosphorus loss from productive grazing systems.’ Australian Journal of Soil Research 37:403-429.

Nash D, Hannah M, Halliwell D & Murdoch C. (2000) ‘Factors affecting phosphorus export from a pasture based grazing system.’ Journal of Environmental Quality 29: 1160-1165

Rivers M & Dougherty W. (2009) ‘Literature Review – Temporal and spatial variations in nitrogen and phosphorus fluxes in dairy catchments.’ Dairy Australia. Melbourne.

Weaver DM & Wong MTF. (2011) ‘Scope to improve phosphorus (P) management and balance efficiency of crop and pasture soils with contrasting P status and buffering indices.’ Plant Soil. Springer Science+Business Media.