Guideline Index

Chapter 12: Nitrogen and Nitrogen Fertilisers

12.8 References

Bennett, D, Russell, B, Staines, M, Morris, R, Bolland, MDA, Lucey, J. (2011). Section 7: A fresh look at nutrient losses from intensively managed pastures. In ‘The Greener Pastures Project: Managing nutrients in dairy pastures’. Western Australia Agriculture Authority, Perth.

Cameron, KC, Di, HJ, Condron, LM. (2002). Nutrient and pesticide transfer from agricultural soils to water in New Zealand. In ‘Agriculture, Hydrology and Water Quality.’ (Eds PM Haygarth and SC Jarvis) pp. 373-393. (CABI Publishing: Wallingford, UK).

DairyNZ. (2008). FarmFact 1-67 – Barkant turnips – feeding the crop.

DairyNZ. (2012). A farmer’s guide to managing farm dairy effluent: A good practice guide for land application systems. DairyNZ, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Di, HJ, Cameron, KC, (2004). Effects of temperature and application rate of nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide (DCD), on nitrification rate and microbial biomass in a grazed pasture. Australian Journal of Soil Research 42, 927-932.

Donaghy, DJ, Turner, LR and Adamczewski KA. (2008). Effect of defoliation management on water-soluble carbohydrate energy reserves, dry matter yields, and herbage quality of tall fescue. Agronomy Journal 100, 122-127.

Eckard, RJ. (2001). Best management practices for nitrogen in intensive pasture production systems. Final Report DAV 413 (Incorporating DAV 400 and ARC-C19804739). Ellinbank, Victoria, The University of Melbourne and NRE Ellinbank: 1-133.

Eckard, RJ, Chen, D, White, RE, Chapman, DF. (2003). Gaseous nitrogen loss from temperate perennial grass and clover dairy pastures in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 54, 561-570.

Eckard, RJ, White, RE, Edis, R, Smith, A, Chapman, DF. (2004). Nitrate leaching from temperate perennial pastures grazed by dairy cows in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 55, 911-920.

Fillery, IRP, Bolland, MDA (Eds) (2007) ‘Reducing nitrogen losses from urine patches using DCD.’ Greener Pastures Factsheet (Agriculture WA: Perth).

Fulkerson WJ, Slack K, Hennessy DW and Hough GM. (1998). Nutrients in ryegrass (Lolium spp.), white clover (Trifolium repens) and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pastures in relation to season and stage of regrowth in a subtropical environment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 38, 227–240.

Galbally, I, Meyer, M, Weeks, I, Leuning, R, Kelly, K, Phillips, F, Barker-Reid, F, Gate,s W, Baigent, R, Eckard, R, Grace, P (2005) A study of environmental and management drivers of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions in Australian agro-ecosystems. Environmental Sciences 2, 133 – 142.

Gillingham, AG, Ledgard, SF, Saggar, S, Cameron, KC, Di, HJ, de Klein, CAM, Aspin, MD (2012). Initial evaluation of the effects of dicyandiamide (DCD) on nitrous oxide emissions, nitrate leaching and dry matter production from dairy pastures in a range of locations within New Zealand. In ‘Advanced Nutrient Management: Gains from the Past – Goals for the Future’, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. (Eds LD Currie and CL Christensen), pp. 1-16.

Gourley, CJP, Dougherty, WJ, Aarons, SR, Hannah, M. (2010). Accounting for Nutrients on Australian Dairy Farms. Final Report DAV12307. Department of Primary Industries, Ellinbank, Victoria.

Kaiser, AG, Piltz, JW, Burns, HM and Griffiths, NW. (2003). TOPFODDER – Successful Silage. Dairy Research and Development Corporation and New South Wales Agriculture joint publication. ISBN 0 7347 1456 4.

Kelly, KB, Phillips, FA, Baigent, R. (2008). Impact of dicyandiamide application on nitrous oxide emissions from urine patches in northern Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48, 156-159.

Menneer, JC, Ledgard, SF, Gillingham, AG. (2004) Land Use Impacts on Nitrogen and Phosphorus Loss and Management Options for Intervention. AgResearch.

Mundy, GN. (1997). Guidelines for nitrogen fertiliser use on irrigated perennial pastures. Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Kyabram, Victoria.

Pakrou, N, Dillon, PJ. (2004). Leaching losses of N under grazed irrigated and non-irrigated pastures. Journal of Agricultural Science 142, 503-516.

Rawnsley, RP, Donaghy, DJ, Fulkerson, WJ and Lane, PA. (2002). Changes in the physiology and feed quality of cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) during regrowth. Grass and Forage Science 57, 203-211.

Reeves, M, Fulkerson WJ and Kellaway RC. (1996). Forage quality of kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum): the effect of time of defoliation and nitrogen fertiliser application and in comparison with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 47, 1349-1359.

Roberts, A, Ledgard, SF. (1998). Nitrogen fertiliser use on dairy pastures. In ‘Proceedings of the 15th Annual Seminar, Society of Dairy Cattle Veterinarians NZVA’.

Turner, LR, Donaghy, DJ, Lane, PA and Rawnsley, RP. (2006). Changes in the physiology and feed quality of prairie grass during regrowth. Agronomy Journal 98, 1326-1332.

Unkovich, M. (2012). Nitrogen fixation by legumes in Australian dairy pasture systems: review and prospect. Report for Dairy Australia Project C100000293. N transformations and loss pathways. Sub-project 2E: N2 fixation. Dairy Australia Ltd, Melbourne.