Guideline Index

Chapter 4: Soil Properties

4.7 Summary

  • Soils are composed of weathered minerals, organic matter, living organisms and pore spaces.
  • A soil’s texture describes the amount of sand, silt and clay particles in the soil.
  • A soil’s structure is determined by the size and arrangement of aggregates and pores.
  • A healthy soil is stable and friable and contains a reasonable level of organic matter and a large and varied population of soil organisms.